He aha ka Ethereum?

Ke hoʻomaka nei mākou e hoʻomaopopo a loaʻa ka hang o Bitcoin, hana a puni ka Blockchain Pāhū a ʻike ʻia nā manaʻo hoihoi he nui e mākaukau e hoʻonui i kā lākou hiki a lilo i ʻāpana ʻole o ko mākou ola. Ma ka hoʻolauna ʻana i nā mea ʻē aʻe a ʻoi ʻole akamai i ka code Bitcoin, ua hana ʻē ʻia nā cryptocuristes hoihoi loa: Litecoin, Dash, Monero… Akā Ua māka ʻia ʻo Ethereum ma mua a ma hope hoʻi e hoʻomaka ana mai kona hoʻolana kūhelu ma 2015. Me he mea lā pōkole loa kēia manawa, akā ke holo wikiwiki nei nā mea, ke holo nei lākou a, i ka hihia o Ethereum, hoʻohui lākou. Ua ʻōlelo ʻia e pau ka ʻaihue ʻana o Ethereum i ka lei aliʻi mai Bitcoin. No laila, me ka makemake ʻole, pono ia e ʻike iki aʻe.

ʻO ka manaʻo o kahi keikikāne 17 makahiki

ʻO Vitalik Buterin, me ke kānalua ʻole, he mea hana precocious ia. I ka makahiki 17, ma waho o ke pāʻani ʻana o World of Warcraft, ua lilo ʻo ia i mea kōkua i ka hoʻomohala ʻana o Bitcoin a ua hoʻokumu pū ʻia. Hōʻike Kūʻai Bitcoin. I ʻelua mau makahiki ma hope mai ua hana ʻo ia i ka White Paper  mua o ka mea e Anuu Ethereum, ma muli o Blockchain akā me ka hiki ke hana i nā mea hou aku ma mua o nā hana maʻalahi o kahi cryptocurrency.

I ka 2014, me ʻelua mau hoa hoʻomohala, ua hoʻokumu lākou i kahi papahana kālā e kūʻai aku ana i ka hōʻailona Ether ʻo ia ke kumu o ka paepae i ka mea e lilo i ka ICO mua, ʻO ka hāʻawi kālā mua a i ʻole ka hāʻawi kālā mua. Ua hōʻiliʻili lākou ma kahi o $ 18 miliona a ma 2015 ua hoʻokuʻu lākou i ka mana mua o Ethereum. Mai ia manawa aia he mau haneli programmers e pili ana i kāna hoʻomohala.

ʻOiai ka manawa pōkole mai kona hoʻouka ʻana, ʻaʻole maʻalahi ke ala ma mua. I ka makahiki 2016 ua ʻeha ka paepae a ʻaihue hōʻailona  waiwai ʻia ma kahi o 50 miliona mau kālā akā ua hoʻoponopono lākou i ka pilikia ma o ka fork i loko o ka blockchain (fork) i hāpai ʻia i ke ʻano o nā hōʻailona ʻelua a i ʻole nā ​​dālā i hele i kā lākou ala pono: Ethereum (ETH) a me Ethereum Classic (ETC) . Pono e ʻōlelo ʻia e hoʻonā i ka hakakā a hoʻoholo i ka hoʻoholo ʻana e hana i kēlā ʻoʻoleʻa, ua hiki i nā poʻe a pau nā hōʻailona ke koho balota me ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka paepae iho.

Ua hoʻomau ka holomua o Ethereum a ʻo ETH i kēia lā kekahi o nā hōkū nui e hoʻohiki i ka wā e hiki mai ana nani no ka ʻenehana Blockchain.. ʻO ka lua kēia o mākeke nui, ma kahi o 80 biliona kālā, ma hope o Bitcoin akā ke hele mau nei iā ia.

Pehea ka ʻokoʻa o Bitcoin a me Ethereum?

ʻEnehana like lākou me he mea lā hoʻokumu ʻia nā ʻelua ma ka ʻenehana Blockchain, akā he mea nui ka ʻokoʻa.

ʻO Bitcoin ka mea cryptocurrency nona ke kumu e kūlike me nā kālā hilinaʻi ʻē aʻe. ʻO ia, lawelawe ʻo Bitcoin e hoʻololi i ka waiwai a me ia e loaʻa ai nā waiwai a me nā lawelawe. I nā huaʻōlelo ʻē aʻe, he aha ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻia, he kālā (hoʻokaʻawale ʻia).

EthereumEia naʻe, ʻoi aku ia. He paepae hoʻokaʻawale ʻo ia me kahi cryptocurrency (Ether). ʻAʻole hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia ma ke ʻano he kālā, akā hiki i nā ʻāpana liʻiliʻi o ke code a i ʻole nā ​​ʻaelike akamai ke hoʻokō ʻia me ka hilinaʻi piha, no laila ʻoi aku ka nui o nā mea hiki ke loaʻa ma mua o nā pilikia kālā. ʻO ia, he poloka ʻo Ethereum kahi e hiki ai i kekahi ke program i nā mea a i ʻole e hoʻolauna i nā papahana liʻiliʻi i loko.

Kūleʻa nā ʻokoʻa ʻē aʻe. ʻO kahi laʻana, ʻo ka huina nui o Bitcoin e hoʻopuni ʻia ana he 21 miliona ʻoiai ʻo Etera e hoʻonui i ka nui o 90 miliona wale nō. I kēia manawa aia ma kahi o 3 miliona Bitcoin e ʻeli ʻia a ʻoi paha i ka makahiki 2021 ma kahi o 45 miliona ʻo Ether e hana ʻia.

Ma kekahi ʻaoʻao, hana ʻia nā palaka i ka Bitcoin Blockchain i kēlā me kēia 10 mau minuke ʻoiai ma Ethereum ka hana ʻana o kahi palaka ma kahi o 12 kekona e wikiwiki ai nā ʻoihana.

Mālama nā aka o ka pūnaewele Bitcoin i kahi kope holoʻokoʻa o ka "ledger" a i ʻole Blockchain. Hana wale nā ​​aka o ka pūnaewele Ethereum i kēia akā hana pū kekahi mālama pū lākou i ka moʻaukala o nā ʻaelike akamai a me ke kūlana hou loa o ia mau ʻaelike. I mea e hana ai i nā ʻaelike akamai, hana nā node Ethereum i kahi mīkini uila nunui (EVM) hiki ke hōʻuluʻulu a hoʻokō i nā code i kākau ʻia i kahi ʻōlelo maʻalahi a kikoʻī i kapa ʻia bytecode. ʻO kēia mau papahana i hiki i kekahi ke hoʻolei ma ka Blockchain he maʻalahi loa; ʻAʻole lākou he algorithms paʻakikī akā maʻalahi nā hanana code maʻalahi e ʻōlelo maʻamau "inā kū kēia, hana wau i kēia a inā kū kēia a laila hana wau i kēia mea ʻē aʻe." Hiki ke holo ʻia kēia mau polokalamu ma kekahi kamepiula a i ʻole kelepona hou paha me ka ʻole o nā pilikia. No laila ka lokomaikaʻi o Ethereum e hoʻokō ʻia i loko o kahi mīkini uila e pili pū ana me kahi Blockchain a lilo i "ʻaelike akamai" a i ʻole he code i hoʻokō ʻia i kahi ala aniani, hoʻololi ʻole a loli ʻole, e pale ai i nā hemahema a me nā hana kanaka. ʻO nā ʻaoʻao āpau e ʻike i ka ʻaelike virtual hiki ke loaʻa ka maluhia piha o ka manaʻo e hoʻokō ʻia ia e like me nā lula i ʻae mua ʻia.

Ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i nā manaʻo

He paepae hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo Ethereum a hoʻohana i kahi cryptocurrency ʻo ia ʻo Ether (ETH). I kēlā me kēia manawa makemake ʻoe e komo i kahi mea i kahi paloka, pono ia e uku, e like me nā hana Bitcoin, kahi komisina ma ETH. No ke aha he mea pono e uku i kahi komisina? Maʻalahi no ka mea ʻo ia ka mea hoʻonāukiuki i ka poʻe e hoʻolako i nā kamepiula e kākoʻo i ka pūnaewele. Inā ʻaʻohe mea hoʻonāukiuki e like me ia, ʻoiaʻiʻo he mau mea pā wale e hāʻawi i ka hoʻokumu ʻana i ka pūnaewele a ʻaʻole hiki ke hiki ke hoʻonui ʻia. He ʻoiaʻiʻo nō aia kekahi mau cryptocurryment he mea liʻiliʻi loa kā lākou hana akā laila ʻo ka mea hōʻeuʻeu kekahi. ʻO kahi laʻana ʻO Digibyte, kahi e lilo ai ka hoʻonāukiuki i ka wā e hiki mai ana ʻo ia ka cryptocurrency i hoʻohana nui ʻia ma muli o kona wikiwiki a me kona pono i nā mea o micropayments. Kekahi, Faircoin, nona ka hoʻouluulu i nā pahuhopu o ke kaiāulu hana e kākoʻo iā ia.

Ma Bitcoin, pili ke komisina i ka nui o ka hana (ʻaʻole ka nui akā ʻo ka nui o nā byte e noho ai ia, e pili ana i ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻia o nā kālā ma waena o nā helu ʻokoʻa o ka Pokoke). Ma Ethereum kaukaʻi ʻia i ka nui o ka hana; ʻo ia hoʻi, e ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi inā ʻo ka polokalamu āu e hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻolauna e hoʻomākaukau maikaʻi ʻia mai ka manaʻo o kāna coding. I kēia ʻano, paipai ʻia i nā ʻaelike akamai āu e makemake ai e hoʻolauna ʻaʻole i loko o nā code waiwai ʻole. i nā huaʻōlelo ʻē, pono e hoʻomaʻalahi ʻia e like me ka hiki.

Ma Ethereum aia kekahi manaʻo hou aʻe e noʻonoʻo. Nānā, inā hoʻolauna ʻoe i kahi papahana a i ʻole ʻaelike akamai ma ka Blockchain, uku ʻoe i kahi komisina no ka hana ʻana pēlā. Akā, mai laila mai, loaʻa iā mākou kahi papahana e holo no kekahi manawa. Hoʻokahi paha ia manawa, a i ʻole ia he pono paha e holo i kēlā manawa kēia manawa a i ʻole no ka manawa lōʻihi. E like me nā mīkini, pono kahi kumu o ka ikehu e hana. Ma kēia kumu i kapa ʻia ai ka ikehu i kapa ʻia ʻo GAS. No laila, i mea e hōʻalo ai i ke code i kūkulu maikaʻi ʻole ʻia a i ʻole ka code malicious e hoʻāla ana e holo mau loa, pono e hoʻokumu i kahi palena i ana ʻia i nā helu a i nā ʻanuʻu helu. Pono kēlā me kēia ʻanuʻu o kahi algorithm ma kahi o 1 GAS a ʻoi aku paha inā pili ia i ka mana helu ʻoi aku a i ʻole nā ​​ʻikepili hou aʻe e mālama ʻia, ʻaʻole like ia e helu ai 3 × 4 ma mua o nā aʻa huinahalike o ke kaʻina o nā spiky prima. He ʻōlelo ia; a laila e ʻike mākou i kekahi mau manaʻo ʻaelike akamai a paʻa hou aʻe. ʻO ka mea hope loa, ʻo ka helu ʻana o ka GAS kūpono e pili ana i kēia mau palena a ma kahi o 5 GAS no kēlā me kēia byte e pono ai ke hana.

No laila, Mālama maikaʻi ʻia ʻo Ethereum i nā hoʻouka kolohe (pipiʻi loa lākou) a ma ka manawa like e hāʻawi i nā mea hoʻonāukiuki lawa no ka pūnaewele o nā kamepiula e kākoʻo i kāna Blockchain a me nā hana e hoʻokō ʻia ai i loko.

ʻO nā mea ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o Ethereum

Me Ethereum hiki i kekahi ke hana i nā hōʻailona hou e lawelawe ma ke ʻano he kālā a i ʻole kaʻana like i nā papahana kālā. Hiki ke hana i nā ʻaelike akamai e hana e like me ka mea me ka ʻole o ke kolu o nā ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe. Hiki ke hoʻokumu ʻia nā ʻōnaehana koho a me nā ʻano o ka noho aupuni ʻike ʻole i ka hilinaʻi ʻole e pili ana i kāu hilinaʻi. Nā ala e hōʻoia ai i nā ʻike a i ʻole nā ​​ʻōnaehana kūlana hiki ʻole ke hoʻololi ʻia i hiki ʻole ke hoʻololi ʻia. ʻO nā ʻōnaehana mālama kālā e hoʻokuʻu wale ʻia ke hoʻokō ʻia kekahi mau koi; ʻo kahi laʻana, ke hoʻololi palekana ʻana i nā kālā a i ʻole nā ​​palekana me ka ʻole e hilinaʻi ʻia e ka ʻaoʻao ʻekolu i hilinaʻi ʻia. ʻAneʻane pau ʻole nā ​​mea hiki.

Nā laʻana o nā ʻaelike akamai

Nui a hewahewa nā mea i hiki ke haku ʻia a puni ʻo Ethereum he paʻakikī e hōʻuluʻulu iā lākou āpau i kekahi mau lālani. E noʻonoʻo ana wau i kekahi ʻano o nā ʻaelike akamai i hiki ke hiki i kēia lā.

  1. E kūʻai paha wau i kekahi mea ma ka pūnaewele a makemake ka mea kūʻai aku e hōʻoia e loaʻa iaʻu i 2 mau lā. Hiki i ka mea kūʻai aku ke hoʻokō i kahi ʻaelike akamai ma ka Ethereum Blockchain i kahi ala aʻu e uku ai iā X no nā kumukūʻai hoʻouna. Pili ka mea lawe i kēia ʻaelike akamai a ke kau inoa wau i ka loaʻa e like me ka hōʻea ʻana o ka waiwai, ua hoʻoili ʻia ka ʻikepili i ka Blockchain. Inā ua hiki iaʻu i loko o ka lā palena pau, hāʻawi ʻia ʻo X i ka mea kūʻai aku. Inā ʻoi aku ka lōʻihi, loaʻa iā ʻoe ʻo XY (kahi ʻo Y kahi uku hōʻemi i ʻae ʻia) a hoʻi ke koena iaʻu. A i ʻole, maʻalahi, e hoʻi wau i ka mea aʻu i uku ai no nā koina hoʻouna inā ʻaʻole i hoʻokō ʻia ka palena palena. Maliʻa paha ʻoi aku ka lōʻihi o ka wehewehe ʻana ma mua o kāna. He mau lālani wale nō kēia o ke code a ʻike ka poʻe āpau i kēia i kahi hoʻonāukiuki e kauoha mai kēlā mea kūʻai aku.
  2. Hiki ke hoʻokumu ʻia kahi ʻaelike akamai i kēlā me kēia pae, ʻoiai ma waena o ʻelua mau kānaka. Inā pili wau me ʻoe X kālā e lanakila ana kahi kime pōpeku i ka pāʻani, maʻalahi ka hoʻohui ʻana i kēia ʻaelike i nā hopena i paʻi ʻia e kahi pūnaewele i hoʻolaʻa ʻia e hōʻike iā lākou. Inā lanakila koʻu kime, e mālama ʻia kaʻu Etera a me nā mea a kaʻu hoa pili pili pili. Inā kū ka ʻaoʻao ʻē, lawe kaʻu hoaaloha iā lākou. Ke unuhi nei i kēia i kahi ʻoihana pili kālā pūnaewele, ke kēkelē o ka hilinaʻi a me ka hilinaʻi lani e hiki ʻole ai i kekahi ke hoʻololi i kēlā ʻaelike.
  3. No ka mālama ʻana i nā kālā o kahi kaiāulu, e hoʻohana wale ʻia kēia mau kālā inā loaʻa i kahi pākēneka o nā lālā i kahi ʻaelike a ʻae paha.
  4. Hiki iā mākou ke hana i kahi Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO), kahi ʻano o ka hoʻonohonoho e pili ana i nā lula kikoʻī e holo ana ke hoʻokō ʻia kekahi mau kūlana, me ka ʻole o ke kōkua kanaka. Ma waho aʻe o ka manaʻo aʻu i hōʻike ai i ka helu 3, aia kekahi mau manawa ʻē aʻe he nui e like me ka hoʻohana ʻia ʻana o kekahi kālā i kekahi ala a i ʻole ʻē aʻe inā e hōʻiliʻili ʻia kahi kālā a i ʻole ka lawe ʻia ʻana o kahi kālā i kēlā me kēia manawa. ʻOiai ʻo nā kūʻai mai o nā mea maka e hana maʻalahi ʻia ma ke kūʻai aku ʻana a i ʻole nā ​​waihona i kahi waihona.

E hiki i ka Ethereum Blockchain ke hoʻomau i kona ulu?

ʻO kēia kahi o nā pilikia nui loa o kēlā me kēia Blockchain. Ua ʻike mua ʻo Bitcoin iā ia iho he alo a he alo me kēia pilikia a ʻo ia ka mea i hoʻonāukiuki i nā poʻe he nui e hana i nā mea hou o ka cryptocurrency me nā ʻano kikoʻī e manaʻo ana e hoʻonā i ka pilikia o kona hoʻomau lōʻihi. Loaʻa i ka roadmap Ethereum nā hopena i hoʻolālā ʻia no kēia mea akā, e like me nā mea āpau e hana ʻia ai, hāpai mau ia i nā nīnau e pili ana i ka maikaʻi. ʻO kahi laʻana, inā hana ʻia kahi palaka hou i kēlā me kēia 12 kekona, hiki iā mākou ke nīnau iā mākou iho inā i kekahi mau makahiki hou aʻe e loaʻa i kahi kamepiula e hana nei ma ke ʻano he wahi e lawa ai kahi kope o ka Blockchain holoʻokoʻa a i ʻole inā hiki wale no nā hui a i ʻole nā ​​hui me nā kumuwaiwai ikaika me ka mea e lilo ai ka loiloi i ka manaʻo nui o ka hoʻokaʻawale. ʻO kahi hopena e hiki ai ke mālama ʻole nā ​​node iā ia i kahi ala i kapa ʻia he sharding database. I kēia hihia, e kū nā hōʻoia o nā hana ma waena o nā wahi i hilinaʻi ʻia, ma ke ʻano he kope o ka Blockchain holoʻokoʻa, ʻoiai he ʻāpana wale nō kā kēlā me kēia. ʻO Logical, koi ʻia i nā hopena e hiki ai ke hōʻoia i ka hilinaʻi o nā piko i ʻōlelo ʻia. He ala ʻo Etherum e hoʻokō ai i kēlā ʻano hilinaʻi. Ma ka lima 'ē aʻe Hoʻonohonoho ʻia kahi Blockchain layered a i ʻole Lightning Network E ʻōlelo pinepine mākou i kēia blog ma ka pili e lawe nei i kēia mau manawa a me ka hoʻonui ʻana o nā hiki ke manaʻo ʻia.

I ka pōkole, ke hana nui nei nā mea hana o Ethereum i nā hana scaling ʻae e hoʻonui i ka helu o nā hana i kēlā me kēia kekona a, no laila, e hoʻomaʻa i ka ulu nui a mākou e ʻike ai no kēia ʻenehana i hānau ʻia a ke hoʻololi nei i ka honua.

ʻO Ethereum i ka paheʻe o Bitcoin

Ua hoʻohana ʻia ʻo Ether (ETH) ma ke ʻano he kūmole ma ka cryptocurrency exchange. ʻOiai ʻo ka mea maʻamau, ʻo ia nō ʻo Bitcoin ke kuhikuhi, he nui nā hale kūʻai (Exchange) e hoʻohana ana iā ETH. ʻO kēia ka mea hiki iā ʻoe ke loaʻa i nā cryptocriptures ʻē aʻe i pānaʻi no ETH a ʻaʻole pono ʻo Bitcoin. I ka pilikia "penultimate" a i ʻole hāʻule o Bitcoin, ua ʻoi aku ka ikaika o Ether a aia kahi maopopo e makemake iā lākou ʻoiai e manaʻo ʻia ʻo Bitcoin ka makuahine o nā mea āpau a me ka "brand" referential. Hōʻike ka honua o nā cryptocurryts i ka nui o nā mea hiki, e like me kā mākou i ʻike ai, e hele i mua o kā lākou hana o nā kālā a i ʻole ke ʻano o ka hoʻololi a me ka waihona o ka waiwai. Nui ka poʻe makemake e hoʻopukapuka i kēia manawa ma ETH ma mua o ka BTC, ʻoiai no ka mea ʻo nā mea nui o ka mea i hala e hōʻike nei e ʻoi aku ka paʻa o kā lākou wā e hiki mai ana. ʻAneʻane lilo ʻo Bitcoin i ʻano gula gula; he waiwai kāna a he mau paha ka hoʻonui ʻana o ia waiwai i ka holo ʻana o ka manawa. Akā ʻaʻole ʻoe e manaʻo i nā mea hou aʻe mai nā kī gula gula. Akā Me kahi ʻenehana hana e like me ka Ethereum e hoʻomohala nei, hiki ke kūkulu ʻia i nā mea hoihoi he nui i lalo o ka waiwai.. I kumu, pono wau e hōʻike i ka manaʻo ʻē aʻe ma aneʻi: aia kekahi poʻe ʻike ma Bitcoin kahi ʻenehana e hana maikaʻi no ka mea i manaʻo ʻia a no laila he palekana palekana ʻoiai ʻo Ethereum, me nā hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia, hiki ke lilo. ʻoi aku ka maʻalahi e ʻike iā ʻoe iho me kahi pilikia paʻakikī e hoʻonā a e pau ia i kāu mau mea i manaʻo ai. ʻAʻole maʻalahi ke hāʻawi i kahi manaʻo hiki ʻole ke hoʻoholo ʻia e pili ana i kēia. E komo i kēlā me kēia i ka māla o nā kilokilo kilokilo, a i kēia manawa, ʻaʻole maopopo iaʻu he kuhi maoli ka wā e hiki mai ana. He ʻāpana ia o kāna leʻaleʻa.

Pehea ʻoe e loaʻa ai iā Ether?

Ma ke ala like e hiki ai ke kūʻai ʻia ʻo Bitcoin i nā hale kūʻai he nui e ʻae i ke kālā fiat (euro, kālā ...) a me ka hoʻololi no nā cryptocurryptocurrency ʻē aʻe. ʻOiaʻiʻo, e like me nā kālā ʻē aʻe, hiki ke loaʻa iā lākou i ka hoʻololi no nā ukana a i ʻole nā ​​lawelawe. ʻO ia, hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻae e loaʻa nā uku (a i ʻole nā ​​makana) ma Ether e like me Bitcoin a i ʻole kālā ʻē aʻe. ʻO ka hoʻokomo ʻana i nā cryptocurrytic i loko o kāu ʻoihana waiwai a i ʻole ka hana hana ʻaʻole ia he mea i mālama ʻia no nā poʻe malihini e hoʻolilo i ka lā holoʻokoʻa i mua o kahi kamepiula e hana nei i nā mea a nā kānaka ʻē aʻe i hana ʻole ai. Akā, ke hoʻoholo nei e lilo i ʻāpana o ka holomua a me nā ʻenehana hou ma mua o ka noʻonoʻo mau ʻana "ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o kēlā me kēia manawa i ka wā i hala."

@ohanaokala